Without the Reformation, there would be very few “callings” – because beforehand, people could be “called” only to matters spiritual. Since the salvation of Protestant Christians depended only on God’s grace and not their actions, they were now able to take Christian responsibility in ordinary life. All worldly activities were thus “callings”, because people could feel called to them by God. Thus, many institutions of the old church became redundant. Some were able to adapt to the new situation, of others only traces made of stone remain.