When Martin Luther sent his 95 Theses to Albert of Mainz, the most powerful cleric in the Holy German Empire, and possibly nailed them to the main door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg on 31 October 1517, the world was changed. Luther only wanted to reform the church, but after the Leipzig Disputation of 1519 at the latest, a split was inevitable. The Reformation, however, was not just an event that started in Saxony and affected the whole world, but also a long process that found its culmination only after many decades of wrangling.
After many changes, historical Saxony is now divided into the federal states of Saxony, Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt. Brandenburg, Bavaria and even the Czech Republic have also inherited parts of it. It pays to follow in the footsteps of the Reformer, his supporters and his opponents – and these are more than abundant. At the end of the 16th century Saxony had already been given the honorary title “Mother of the Reformation”, a legacy to which also the current federal state declares itself. Learn more about this rich heritage!