The development of transport was one of the most important requirements of industrialization, and was in turn driven by industrialization.The Leipzig-Dresden Railway was the first long-distance railway in Germany and was followed by the first – in those days – international route from Leipzig to Magdeburg. The Saxonia, built in Übigau near Dresden, was the first German locomotive. Pioneers such as Emil Hermann Nacke and August Horch founded the Saxon automotive industry, which is in full bloom again today. Nostalgic people get their money’s worth in Saxony: steam transport is available every day of the year. No visit to Dresden would be complete without a paddle steamer trip on the River Elbe. And where else can a horse tram and a mountain cable car be next to each other?