In July 1650 the Leipzig printer Timotheus Ritzsch started the “Einkommenden Zeitungen” (“Incoming News”), the first daily newspaper in the world. Printers in Leipzig had already distinguished themselves in the distribution of Luther's writings. By the end of the 19th century, Leipzig had become the German publishing capital. Around 1,500 companies in book manufacturing and distribution were active in the city: world-famous publishers, wholesalers and manufacturing operationsas well as engineering companies. Although publishing in Saxony has now lost its significance in the wake of the division of Germany, the Leipzig Book Fair with its great literary festival, the German National Library and interesting architectural legacies still bear witness to this great tradition.