Only at the beginning of the 20th century did architects manage to attract the attention of society with their industrial buildings. Many outstanding industrial buildings were built in Saxony, the heartland of German industrialization. Due to lack of investment in GDR times much has remained of what in the west was demolished and/or modernized. But not only the old factory buildings are fascinating, but also the numerous villas of their former owners and the residential settlements and infrastructure created by the owners for their workers and their families. In this way, total works of art were created such as the Villa Esche in Chemnitz and icons of modernism like the Haus Schminke in Löbau and the Church of Reconciliation in Leipzig, and also whole ensembles like the first German garden city in the Dresden suburb of Hellerau.