Albrechtsburg Meissen is considered the first castle in German building history and an architectural masterpiece.
August the Strong, the Elector of Saxony, had the first European porcelain factory built here in 1710. With historical wall paintings dating back to the 19th century, it presents a true picture book of Saxon history.
Notes on accessibility / deviations from the pictograms:
- Access via panorama lift (car park according to car-park routing system “Burg/Dom”) to Cathedral Square(cobble stones)
- Lift: Space 169x237 cm
- All visitor-relevant areas of Albrechtsburg Castle are wheelchair-accessible via lifting platforms or elevator (space of 133x199 cm for turning a wheelchair)
- Narrowest passageway 84 cm
- Toilet for wheelchair: 131x181 cm in front, 91 cm to the right, 108 cm to the left of toilet
- Museum shop, chapel room (2nd floor), prison (3rd floor) not accessible
- Audio-guide for the deaf and hearing impaired
- Guided tours for the learning disabled and deaf on request
- Audio-guide for the blind and visually impaired on six 3D models
When Martin Luther was born on 10 November 1483, Saxony was at the height of its power. Since 1464, Elector Ernst and his brother Albert had together been ruling the most powerful country in the center of the Holy German Empire. In 1471 they started the construction of what we now call Albrechtsburg Castle, their new residence in Meissen and the first “Schloss” in Germany – not a military fortress but a residential palace and a visible sign of their power and wealth. But just two years after Luther’s birth, Ernest and Albert made the biggest mistake in Saxony’s history: they split up the land. The ruling Wettin dynasty was divided into two lines, the Ernestine and Albertine. Now there were two countries with the name Saxony, the Electorate and the Duchy, and it was the sons of Ernst and Albert who played the most important, albeit different, roles in the life of Martin Luther and for the course of the Reformation. After the death of Albert’s son, the staunchly Catholic George the Bearded, who after the death of his sons had tried by all means to prevent his Protestant brother Henry succeeding him, Henry, later called “the Pious” left the Catholic funeral service in Meissen Cathedral to hear a Protestant sermon of mourning and consolation from his court chaplain in Albrechtsburg Castle. Then he introduced the Reformation into the Duchy of Saxony.